A new way to remove contaminants from nuclear wastewater

Method concentrates radionuclides in a small portion of a nuclear plant’s wastewater, allowing the rest to be recycled. David L. Chandler | MIT News OfficeDecember 19, 2019 Nuclear power continues to expand globally, propelled, in part, by the fact that it produces few greenhouse gas emissions while providing steady power output. But along with that […]

Designing humanity’s future in space

The Space Exploration Initiative’s latest research flight explores work and play in microgravity. Janine Liberty | MIT Media LabNovember 26, 2019 How will dancers perform in space? How will scientists do lab experiments without work tables? How will artists pursue crafting in microgravity? How can exercise, gastronomy, research, and other uniquely human endeavors be reimagined […]

Coated seeds may enable agriculture on marginal lands

A specialized silk covering could protect seeds from salinity while also providing fertilizer-generating microbes. David L. Chandler | MIT News OfficeNovember 25, 2019 Providing seeds with a protective coating that also supplies essential nutrients to the germinating plant could make it possible to grow crops in otherwise unproductive soils, according to new research at MIT. […]

Researchers uncover key reaction that influences growth of potentially harmful particles in atmosphere

NOVEMBER 25, 2019 by University of Pennsylvania Air-quality alerts often include the levels of particulate matter, small clumps of molecules in the lower atmosphere that can range in size from microscopic to visible. These particles can contribute to haze, clouds, and fog and also can pose a health risk, especially those at the smaller end of […]

Microbial cooperation at the micron scale impacts biodegradation

MIT researchers demonstrate how often-ignored microbial interactions have a significant impact on the biodegradation of complex materials. Maria Iacobo | Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringNovember 15, 2019 The carbon cycle, in which CO2 is incorporated into living organisms and later released back into the atmosphere through respiration, relies on the ability of bacteria and fungi […]

Study investigates a critical transition in water that remains liquid far below the freezing point

NOVEMBER 12, 2019 by José Tadeu Arantes, FAPESP Water can remain liquid at temperatures far below 0 degrees Celsius. This supercooled phase is a current focus for scientific research. A theoretical model developed at São Paulo State University (UNESP) in Brazil shows that in supercooled water, there is a critical point at which properties such as […]

Obtaining order in the “frustrated” landscape of disordered magnetism

NOVEMBER 7, 2019 by Jeremy Rumsey, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Identifying a material’s magnetic structure is a key to unlocking new features and higher performance in electronic devices. However, solving increasingly complex magnetic structures requires increasingly sophisticated approaches. Researchers from the Center for Materials Crystallography at Aarhus University, Denmark, are pioneering a novel technique to solve highly elaborate magnetic structures […]

A new type of fire, the fuel of the future?

The results from the burning will be analysed to create models of discrete burning to extrapolate the ideal conditions. NOVEMBER 8, 2019 by European Space Agency Later this month a Texus rocket will launch from Esrange, Sweden, that will travel about 260 km upwards and fall back to Earth offering researchers six minutes of zero gravity. […]

Mathematics at the speed of light

This new optical computing and imaging technique operates at the speed of light and the mathematical operation itself consumes no energy as it involves only passive optical components.  NOVEMBER 7, 2019 by AMOLF AMOLF researchers and their collaborators from the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC/CUNY) in New York have created a nanostructured surface capable of performing […]

New synthesis method yields degradable polymers

Materials could be useful for delivering drugs or imaging agents in the body; may offer alternative to some industrial plastics. Anne Trafton | MIT News OfficeOctober 28, 2019 MIT chemists have devised a way to synthesize polymers that can break down more readily in the body and in the environment. A chemical reaction called ring-opening […]